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Welcome to the Freedom Summer Digital Archive. The Archive began in 2009 with a grant from the Ohio Humanities Council, the Miami University Libraries, and through the generous support of Catherine Ross-Loveland, a 1952 graduate of the Western College for Women. The Archive is split into two collections, reached from the links above: the Freedom Summer Text & Photo Archive, and the Freedom Summer A/V Collection. Curriculum Guides are also available below.

Questions and comments on the materials or lessons plans please contact Jacky Johnson, Interim University Archivist. For questions about the website, please contact the Digital Collections team from the link in the bottom navigation bar.


Carole Gross Colca grew up in Davenport, Iowa. After graduating from the University of Iowa in 1964, she volunteered for Mississippi Freedom Summer Project. From Mississippi, she moved to New York City, where she worked as a social services caseworker. After obtaining an MSW degree Carole worked for twenty five years in child welfare in Buffalo, NY. Now retired, she teaches social work part time at Buffalo State College.

Mark Levy began his career teaching social studies in a Harlem junior high and third world studies and community organizing at Queens College/CUNY. Next he moved to the labor movement as an organizer and administrator in the electrical manufacturing and healthcare industries. After retiring, he initiated the Queen’s College Civil Rights Archive and assists with the Meridian, Mississippi, civil rights preservation and educational project.

Arthur Miller is a native of Oxford & graduate of Miami University. President of the Oxford Branch NAACP for forty years, including during what would become known as Freedom Summer. He organized a local group calling itself "Friends of the Mississippi Summer Project" which assisted the volunteers by gathering materials for Freedom Schools in Mississippi, collecting funds to support the volunteers in Mississippi during their summer months.

Cleveland Sellers, Jr. is a native of Denmark, South Carolina. He is known for his involvement in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. He was the only person convicted and jailed for events at the Orangeburg Massacre, a 1968 civil rights protest in which three students were killed by state troopers. Sellers' conviction and the acquittal of the other nine defendants was believed to be motivated by racism, and Sellers received a full pardon 25 years after the incident.

John Frazier began his participation in the civil rights movement in Mississippi, where he would participate in protests no one but himself in the demonstration. After leaving Mississippi in 1964, he became a Unitarian minister and joined the Black Unitarian Fellowship in Cleveland, OH. While in Cleveland, he married Pauline Warfield and was also active with the black power movement. In 1974, he left for North Carolina to join Soul City and has been there since.

Roland Duerksen was a professor at Purdue in August 1964 when, having consulted the Friends of Freedom Summer in Oxford, he committed himself to the Mississippi project. Traveling with a colleague to Jackson, MS, he helped with voter registration and taught in a local freedom school. He was a professor of English at Miami University 1968-1992. With his wife, Mary, a retired educator, he now lives on a small acreage near Oxford.